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Standards and Guidelines

Current NYS Learning Standards for LOTE (1996)

Student work exemplars (1996)

LOTE FAQ  - Commonly asked questions regarding LOTE requirements, programs and credits.

NYS Learning Standards for LOTE / World Languages (2021)

[To be implemented starting no later than September 2023 in 7th grade, adding a grade level for each additional year (September 2024 for 8th grade, etc.).]

Link to press release

The Board of Regents adopted the revised New York State Learning Standards for Languages Other Than English (LOTE) on Monday, March 15, 2021.  The revisions align the standards with both the World-Readiness Standards for Learning Languages and high-leverage practices and update them to represent what students should know and be able to do in the languages and cultures which they study. The Department presented regulation changes to rename the learning standards from LOTE to “World Languages.” Public comment on the proposed changes will be accepted through May 31.

The New York State Learning Standards for LOTE are divided into two language groups: Modern Languages and Classical Languages. Modern languages include any language that has living, native speakers. Modern languages are contrasted with Classical languages, which include Latin, ancient Greek, ancient Hebrew, and other languages from earlier time periods in human history.  These updated learning standards for both Modern and Classical Languages are organized into two anchor standards: Communication and Cultures. The Communication Anchor Standard for all languages is broken down into three Standards—one for each mode of communication (Interpretive, Interpersonal, Presentational).  The Cultures Anchor Standard is broken down into two Standards: the Relating Cultural Practices and Products to Perspectives standard and the Cultural Comparisons standard.

Unlike the standards of other disciplines, the NYS Learning Standards for World Languages are not grade-banded, but instead are grouped into three proficiency ranges that correspond to the World Language Checkpoints (A, B, C) that reflect levels of achievement students must reach, generally over the course of two years of study each.  Students meet the standards by demonstrating proficiency at the levels consistent with the lower end of the range for each Checkpoint. This demonstration of proficiency generally occurs by the end of 8th grade for Checkpoint A, by the end of 10th grade for Checkpoint B, and by the end of 12th grade for Checkpoint C.

LOTE Standards Review and Revision Process and Stakeholder Input

The Department established the World Language Leadership Team (now called the World Language Content Advisory Panel), consisting of 20 leaders and experts in the fields of language acquisition and world language teacher preparation, in 2018 to assist in the standards revision process.  The Department developed the proposed revisions to the NYS LOTE Standards in partnership with numerous stakeholders, including the World Language Content Advisory Panel and ten Standards Review Committees made up of seven regional committees and three Language-Specific Committees (American Sign Language, Classical Languages, and Indigenous Languages) with over 200 members.  Care was taken to ensure participation by representatives of all regions of New York State, as well as key stakeholder groups, including teachers and administrators, experts in the field, parents and students, higher education faculty, BOCES and Regional Bilingual Education Resource Network (RBERN) staff, Big 5 school districts, and members of various professional organizations, including the New York State United Teachers (NYSUT), the New York State Association of Foreign Language Teachers (NYSAFLT), the New York State Association of World Language Administrators (NYSAWLA), and the New York State Association for Bilingual Education (NYSABE).

Feedback Process

The Department released the proposed standards revisions to the public in February 2020, along with a survey that gathered feedback from more than 1,100 individual stakeholders across New York State.  The vast majority of respondents expressed strong support for all proposed revisions. Of the responses received, 94 percent indicated that they either moderately or strongly supported the revised standards overall, with 93 percent specifically supporting the name change.

Proposal to Rename Standards “New York State Standards for World Languages”

The regulation changes proposed by the Department include to:

  • Rename the standards to “New York State Standards for World Languages,” which amends Commissioner’s regulations to replace the term “languages other than English” with “world languages” in reference to the learning standards, pathway assessment, and course credit; 
  • Rename teaching certificate titles, as well as certification and teacher preparation program coursework requirements from “language(s) other than English” to “world language(s) other than English,” and the tenure title of “Foreign Languages” to “World Languages”; 
  • Amend references to the term “foreign languages” throughout Commissioner’s regulations to read “world languages” or “world languages other than English,” as applicable; and
  • Clarifying that teachers currently in the foreign languages tenure area would now be in the world languages tenure area, and any prior service in the foreign languages tenure area is included toward service in the renamed world languages tenure area.

Implementation Timeline

Dates Phases Activities
Adoption – Aug. 2023 Phase I - Raising Awareness and Building Capacity Roll-out and building awareness of the revised standards and timeline for implementation; professional learning opportunities to prepare schools to transition to the revised standards
Sept. 2023 – Aug. 2028 Phase II – Gradual Implementation and Building Capacity Focus on curriculum development, resource acquisition, professional learning
Sept. 2028 and on Phase III – Full Implementation and Sustainability All P-12 World Language courses will be aligned with NYS Learning Standards for World Languages (as renamed from LOTE); New York State Seal of Biliteracy programs will be aligned with the revised standards

Next Steps

  • Department staff will continue to develop resources and guidance to aid the field in implementing the standards in accordance with the implementation timeline.
  • A Notice of Proposed Rule Making will be published in the State Register on March 31 for a 60-day public comment period on the proposal to rename the standards to “New York State Standards for World Languages” in accordance with the State Administrative Procedure Act (SAPA). Public comment will be accepted through May 31. Following the 60-day public comment period, Department staff will make a recommendation to the Board of Regents this summer to adopt the proposed regulatory change.

World Languages Needs Assessment Survey Results Report

The World Languages Needs Assessment Survey Results Report describes feedback from educators across the state on their specific needs as schools plan to transition to a revised set of standards in world languages.  The report consists of an Executive Summary followed by each survey question.  The Executive Summary contains four sections:  the responses, the results, the feedback, and the analysis and next steps moving forward.  Each question from the survey is then listed, followed by a graph illustrating the data and/or a table showing the breakdown of responses.  A number of questions allowed for additional comments, the most representative of which are reprinted in this report.  In Appendix A, the responses to Question #6 (Which of the following statements best reflects your current knowledge of the revised standards and your comfort level with the shifts they will require?) are disaggregated for deeper analysis.  Please address any questions regarding this report to Candace Black,, (518) 473-7505.

(Updated 4/6/21)