CR 100.5(6)(iv)(a)(2)(i) a technical and academic curriculum that achieves the commencement level of the appropriate New York State learning standards for all courses in the career and technical education program, including integrated and/or specialized English, mathematics, science, economics and government, and faculty with State certification in appropriate academic and/or technical subjects;
Federal Definition of a Program of Study
In 2018, with the passage of Perkins V, a formal definition of a program of study was developed. This definition, combined with New York State’s regulations, form the policies and procedures guiding program approval. While not all schools may directly receive Perkins funds, the federal definition is applied to all NYSED-approved CTE programs. This definition requires that all programs:
- Incorporate challenging state academic standards
- Address both academic and technical knowledge and skills, including employability skills which are delivered through New York’s Career and Financial Management (CFM) framework
- Align with needs of industries in the economy of the state, region, tribal community, or local area
- Progress in specificity (beginning with all aspects of an industry or career cluster and leading to more occupation-specific instruction)
- Culminate in the opportunity for students to attain a recognized postsecondary credential including opportunities for college credit, advanced standing, industry certifications, licensure, and collegiate degrees in the career area)
- Provide multiple entry and exit points along the career and technical education continuum
Standards for Curriculum Alignment
- New York State Standards—These are the New York State standards that are appropriate and applicable to the technical content of a CTE program. Content must align with the CDOS standards and New York State standards for specific content areas:
- Industry standards—These are standards specific to the career area.
- Academic standards— Even if not seeking integrated/specialized credit, other academic standards should be included as part of program review. Only crosswalk the standards that are program related. Academic standards that can be incorporated are:
Submission of standard crosswalks is not a routine requirement for program approval; however, applicants should be prepared to submit crosswalks if requested as part of the program review.
Models of Program Delivery
There are two main models of program delivery for NYSED approved CTE content:
Sequential Model—A sequence of related courses that are put together to build a program of study
Example: A sequential model could be an entrepreneurship program in which students start with an Introduction to Business Class and then progress into coursework in introductory management, marketing, and finance before culminating in an entrepreneurship class which applies all of the previously learned components.
Blocked Model— A multi-period format typically delivered by a single teacher that scaffolds curriculum instead of delivering curriculum as separate but related coursework.
Example: A blocked model could be an animal science program in which students receive all CTE instruction with one teacher in a multi-period format. This model gives the teacher the ability to scaffold curriculum within their instructional time rather than scaffolding across multiple courses as is the case in the sequential model.
Regardless of the instructional model chosen:
- All programs must provide scaffolded instruction. This means that the content will start with more general topics and will increase in specificity and complexity as students near the completion of the program content.
- Program content is required to be delivered in a one-to-four-year time frame.
- Program content must include no less than three units of CTE instruction in the program of study as well as at least one-half unit of career and financial management instruction for a cumulative total of no less than 3.5 units of CTE credit.
Career and Financial Management
Career and Financial Management (CFM) is a requirement of all NYSED-approved CTE programs. CFM provides students with the necessary career and life skills for success beyond high school.
Career and Financial Management content:
- Must be included in all NYSED-approved CTE programs.
- Must provide a minimum of one half-unit of credit, which is equivalent to one New York City credit.
- Can be delivered as either a stand-alone course or the content can be embedded throughout the content of a CTE program. The method in which CFM curriculum is delivered is at the discretion of the LEA or BOCES.
- Must include the sixteen themes identified in the Career and Financial Management framework which was updated in 2018. If an LEA or BOCES decides that CFM is best delivered as embedded content (instead of as a stand-alone course), then a crosswalk demonstrating where the sixteen themes are being addressed in the program of study must be completed and made available to NYSED upon request.
If CFM is delivered as a stand-alone course reported under SCED code 22152 and is operated under a different name locally, please clearly identify this in section 2 of the application.
Integrated and Specialized Academics
Please see integrated and specialized academics webpage.
Other Characteristics of Content
Additional considerations for program content are:
- Programs must be accessible to all students, including students with disabilities, English language learners, and any other special populations as defined in Perkins legislation. Supports must be provided to assist students where necessary.
- Curriculum maps and crosswalks for NYSED-approved CTE programs must be created, maintained, and submitted in a digital format for review if requested by the associate reviewing the program application.
- Some program areas may have additional content-specific considerations that have not been addressed in this resource. For further information about content-specific requirements, please visit the appropriate CTE content area page or contact the appropriate content area associate.