Physical Education Learning Standards Personal Health and Fitness Standard 1
Students will have the necessary knowledge and skills to establish and maintain physical fitness, participate in physical activity, and maintain personal health.
Key Idea: Students will:
- perform basic motor and manipulative skills. They will attain competency in a variety of physical activities and proficiency in a few select complex motor and sports activities.
- design personal fitness programs to improve cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, muscular strength, endurance, and body composition.
- participate in physical activities (games, sports, exercises) that provide conditioning for each fitness area
- develop physical fitness skills through regular practice, effort, and perseverance
- demonstrate mastery of fundamental motor, non-locomotor, and manipulative skills, and understand fundamental principles of movement
- understand the effects of activity on the body, the risks associated with inactivity, and the basic components of health-related fitness (cardiovascular, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, and body composition
- demonstrate and assess their fitness by performing exercises or activities related to each health-related fitness component, and establish personal goals to improve their fitness
- understand the relationship between physical activity and individual well being
- demonstrate competency in a variety of physical activities (games, sports, exercises) that provide conditioning for each fitness area
- know that motor skills progress in complexity and need to be used in the context of games and sports with additional environmental constraints
- combine and integrate fundamental skills and adjust technique based on feedback, including self-assessment
- understand the relationship between physical activity and the prevention of illness, disease, and premature death
- develop and implement a personal fitness plan based on self-assessment and goal setting, understand physiological changes that result from training, and understand the health benefits of regular participation in activity
- develop leadership, problem solving, cooperation, and team work by participating in group activities
- demonstrate proficiency in selected complex physical activities (games, sports, exercises) that provide conditioning for each fitness area
- establish and maintain a high level of skilled performance, demonstrate mastery of fundamental movement forms and skills that can contribute to daily living tasks, and analyze skill activities
- make physical activity an important part of their life and recognize such consequent benefits as self-renewal, greater productivity as a worker, more energy for family activities, and reduction in health care costs
- use the basic principles of skill analysis to improve previously acquired skills and to continue to learn new skills and activities
- know the components of personal wellness (nutrition and weight control, disease prevention, stress management, safety, and physical fitness), establish a personal profile with fitness/wellness goals, and engage in appropriate activities to improve or sustain their fitness
- follow a program that relates to wellness, including weight control and stress management
- demonstrate competence in leading and participating in group activities